完美

[学习|工作|博客|交流平台|完美起航]
 详情

Php反射

时间:[2017-06-02 13:20:43] 作者:[ SmartZ ] 点击:[ 3561 ]

ReflectionClass::__construct

(PHP 5, PHP 7)

ReflectionClass::__construct — 初始化 ReflectionClass 类

说明

public ReflectionClass::__construct( mixed $argument )

初始化新的 ReflectionClass 对象。

参数

  • argument

  • 既可以是包含类名的字符串(string)也可以是对象(object)。

返回值

返回初始化完成后的 ReflectionClass 实例。

错误/异常

如果要反射的 Class 不存在,抛出异常 ReflectionException

范例

Example #1 ReflectionClass 的基本用法


<?php
Reflection::export(new ReflectionClass('Exception'));
?>



以上例程的输出类似于:

Class [ <internal:Core> class Exception ] {

  - Constants [0] {
  }

  - Static properties [0] {
  }

  - Static methods [0] {
  }

  - Properties [7] {
    Property [ <default> protected $message ]
    Property [ <default> private $string ]
    Property [ <default> protected $code ]
    Property [ <default> protected $file ]
    Property [ <default> protected $line ]
    Property [ <default> private $trace ]
    Property [ <default> private $previous ]
  }

  - Methods [10] {
    Method [ <internal:Core> final private method __clone ] {
    }

    Method [ <internal:Core, ctor> public method __construct ] {

      - Parameters [3] {
        Parameter #0 [ <optional> $message ]
        Parameter #1 [ <optional> $code ]
        Parameter #2 [ <optional> $previous ]
      }
    }

    Method [ <internal:Core> final public method getMessage ] {
    }

    Method [ <internal:Core> final public method getCode ] {
    }

    Method [ <internal:Core> final public method getFile ] {
    }

    Method [ <internal:Core> final public method getLine ] {
    }

    Method [ <internal:Core> final public method getTrace ] {
    }

    Method [ <internal:Core> final public method getPrevious ] {
    }

    Method [ <internal:Core> final public method getTraceAsString ] {
    }

    Method [ <internal:Core> public method __toString ] {
    }
  }
}

参见


add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 6 notes

3 years ago

Example of usage:
   

public static function getClassData($class)
{
    // Trying to create a new object of ReflectionClass class
    $class = new ReflectionClass($class);
    $details = sprintf('%s - %s%s%s%s%s%s%s%s',
        $class->getName(),
        $class->isInternal()     ? 'internal class,' : 'user-defined class,',
        $class->isTrait()        ? '  is trait,'  : '',
        $class->isInterface()    ? '  is interface,'  : '',
        $class->isAbstract()     ? '  is abstract,'  : '',
        $class->isFinal()        ? '  is final,'  : '',
        $class->isCloneable()    ? '  is cloneable,'  : '',
        $class->isInstantiable() ? ' is instantiable,'  : '',
        $class->isIterateable()  ? ' is iterable  : ''
    );
    return '<pre class="debug">' . rtrim($details, ',') . '</pre>';
}

5 years ago

Running the following code on Windows Vista (I know, I know), PHP 5.3.9, the ReflectionClass constructor actually throws a ReflectionException when the desired class cannot be instantiated:

<?php
    
try {
        $ReflectedClass = new ReflectionClass('NonExist');
} catch (LogicException $Exception) {
    die('Not gonna make it in here...');
} catch (ReflectionException $Exception) {
        die('Your class does not exist!');
}
?>

7 years ago

It's very useful to know that you can also use the ReflectionClass to inspect interfaces, even thouth Interfaces are not classes. Example: 

<?php 

  
interface Edible 
  

    public function 
eat(); 
  } 

  
$refl = new ReflectionClass("Edible"); 
  
$methods $refl->getMethods(); 
?> 

[Edit by danbrown AT php DOT net - Contains a bugfix by (dbl AT bnet DOT com) on 18-AUG-2010 with the following message: "underline had to be removed for it to work ( new Reflection_Class -> new ReflectionClass )"]

danbettles at yahoo dot co dot uk 

2 years ago

To reflect on a namespaced class in PHP 5.3, you must always specify the fully qualified name of the class - even if you've aliased the containing namespace using a "use" statement. 
So instead of: 
<?php 
use App\Core as Core
$oReflectionClass = new ReflectionClass('Core\Singleton'); 
?> 
You would type: 

<?php 
use App\Core as Core; 
$oReflectionClass = new ReflectionClass('App\Core\Singleton'); 
?>

5 years ago

Useful to know that if you pass a string into the construct and the class cannot be instantiated for some reason a SPL LogicException will be thrown. 
This code was ran on a Mac OS X 10.6.7, AMP, PHP 5.3+

<?php

    //  index.php
    try {
        $ReflectedClass = new ReflectionClass('NonExist');
    } catch (LogicException $logicDuh) {
        print_r($logicDuh);
    }
    
?>
Will return a deeply nested array full of useful information about the error.


3 years ago


if (is_file($classfile))
    require_once $classfile;
if (! class_exists($classname, false))
    exit('ERROR: ' . $classname . ' is not defined as a Class');

The above code is useful to tell if the class was defined.  You could also use another commentors method using Try Catch Exceptions.  But, if you do not use try blocks much, the above function based method works just fine.

    From there, you can than call:

$class = new ReflectionClass($classname);
if (! $class->isSubclassOf('PanelCommon'))
    exit("ERROR: {$classname} must extends PanelCommon");
if (! $class->isUserDefined())
    exit("ERROR: {$classname} must be user defined and not internal to PHP");
if (! $class->IsInstantiable())
    exit("ERROR: {$classname} must be IsInstantiable and not an Interface or Abstract class");
if (! $class->hasMethod('home'))
exit("ERROR: {$classname} lacks required method/function home()");
Forforth and so on.
 5   0
标签:  PHP 反射 Reflection
 相关评论